General surgery is a field of medicine that addresses a broad range of health problems and diseases. It involves both pre-operative and post-operative care and management.
It focuses mainly on specific types of abdominal surgeries, including surgery on the stomach, small and large intestine, gallbladder, esophagus, bile ducts, thyroid gland, pancreas, appendix, and liver. It also deals with several issues relating to the breast, skin, and soft tissues.
General surgery is a discipline that requires immense expertise and extensive training. At East Bay Cardiovascular & Thoracic Associates, our surgeons have years of experience in performing general surgery procedures.
Surgery for Benign and Malignant Conditions of the Abdomen
Our surgeons perform minimally invasive surgeries for these conditions, including both laparoscopic and robotic surgery.
- Hernia Surgery: Hernioplasty, or herniorrhaphy, involves returning the displaced tissue to the proper position. There are four general types: inguinal, umbilical, ventral, and hiatal.
- Gallbladder Surgery: This type of procedure is performed on the gallbladder. One of these surgeries, cholecystectomy, removes the gallstone and gallbladder through several small incisions in the abdomen.
- Gastric and Anti-Reflux Procedures: Procedures like Nissen Fundoplication are used to treat GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease) when medications fail to bring relief.
- Splenectomy: A surgical procedure that removes the spleen, an organ that helps fight several infections and filters unwanted material.
- Colorectal Surgery: Surgery that deals with disorders of the rectum, colon, and anus. It is a surgical treatment of diverticulitis and colon and rectal cancers.
- Anorectal Surgery: This type of surgery can correct issues with hemorrhoids, fissures, fistulas, prolapses, and more.
Surgery for Benign and Malignant Conditions of the Breast
- Lumpectomy: Also called breast-conserving surgery, this procedure is used to remove cancers, tumors, or other abnormal tissues from the chest without removing all breast tissue. It is also referred to as wide local excision.
- Mastectomy: A procedure that eliminates all breast tissue from the breast as a way to prevent breast cancer. It is considered an ideal treatment for those with early-stage breast cancer.
- Sentinel Node Biopsy: This involves removing sentinel nodes and then analyzing them to detect if cancer has spread beyond the primary tumor and into the lymphatic system. Sentinel nodes are the first few lymph nodes into which a tumor drains fluid. It is widely used in testing for melanoma and breast cancer.
- Axillary Dissection: During this procedure, an incision is made in the armpit (axilla). Through this, lymph nodes can be examined or removed. This standard technique is employed in the treatment of breast cancer to gauge the cancer’s current stage.
- Partial and Total Thyroidectomy: A thyroidectomy is a surgical procedure that removes the thyroid gland. When the entire thyroid is removed, it is a total thyroidectomy, and when part of it is extracted, it is a partial thyroidectomy.
- Partial and Total Parathyroidectomy: A parathyroidectomy is a procedure that removes parathyroid glands from the neck. In a partial parathyroidectomy, one to three abnormal parathyroid glands are taken out, leaving one gland in order to help the body prevent the production of too little parathyroid hormone. In a total parathyroidectomy, the four abnormal parathyroid glands are detected and removed.
Surgery for Benign and Malignant Conditions of the Skin and Soft Tissues
- Excision of Skin Cancers: Also known as excision of a skin lesion, this skin cancer treatment surgically removes lesions, malignant moles, and tumors from the skin, along with some healthy skin as a preventive margin around the tumor.
- Excision of Melanoma: The exact process of this depends on how deep the cancer is. The excision is done as a two-step procedure, with the first step being the diagnostic excision and the second procedure being the re-excision, which is also called a wide local excision. A small margin of normal skin is removed along with the cancer.
- Excision of Lipomas and Cysts: This is done by making a fusiform excision (spindle-shaped) in the skin overlying the lipoma or cyst. The incision generally follows the skin tension lines and is smaller than the underlying tumor.
General Surgery CostThe patient’s health coverage will help to determine the cost of their surgical procedure, as will the exact general surgery procedure chosen. Additional factors in determining general surgery cost include procedure time, the techniques involved, the anesthesia used, and the skills required.
Schedule Your ConsultationIf you feel that you may be in need of a general surgery procedure, arrange a consultation with a medical professional – contact East Bay Cardiovascular & Thoracic Associates for your appointment.